Thursday, October 30, 2014
የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ምርጫ ቦርድ ለ5ኛ ጊዜ ለሚካሄደው ጠቅላላ ምርጫ አፈጻጸም የጊዜ ሰሌዳ ይፋ አደረገ።
ቦርዱ በመጪው ግንቦት ወር የሚካሄደውን አገራዊ ምርጫ የጊዜ ሰሌዳና ስላከናወናቸው ተግባራት ለጋዜጠኞች መግለጫ ሰጥቷል።
የብሔራዊ ምርጫ ቦርድ ሰብሳቢ ፕሮፌሰር መርጋ በቃና በዚህ ወቅት እንድተናገሩት ቦርዱ ያለፉትን አራት ምርጫዎች በመገምገምና በቦርዱ ተመዝግበው ፍቃድ ካገኙ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ጋር ውይይት አካሂዶ ለ30 የክንውን ሂደቶች የጊዜ ሰሌዳ አውጥቷል።
በዚህ መሰረት ከህዳር 15 እስከ ህዳር 30 ፓርቲዎች የመወዳደሪያ ምልክቶች የሚመርጡበት፣ከታህሳስ 16 እስከ 27 የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ዕጩ ምዝገባና ከጥር 1 እስከ 12 የመራጮች ምዝገባ የሚካሄድበት ጊዜ ይሆናል።
ከየካቲት 7 እስከ 13 ደግሞ ዕጩዎች የምርጫ ውድድር እንቅስቃሴ በይፋ የሚጀምሩበትና የሚያጠናቅቁበት፣ ግንቦት 16 የድምፅ መስጫ ቀን ሲሆን ሰኔ 15 ውጤቱ ለህዝብ ይፍ ይደረጋል ሲሉ ሰብሳቢው አብራርተዋል።
ይህ የክንውን የጊዜ ሰሌዳ የተለየው በአዲስ አበባ ካሉት 23 የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ከ22ና በክልሎች ከሚገኙ ፓርቲዎች ጋር በአዳማና በሃዋሳ ከተማ ዝርዝር ውይይቶች ከተደረገ በኋላ እንደሆነ አስረድተዋል።
ከፓርቲዎቹ ጋር በተደረገው ውይይት የዕጩዎችና የመራጮች ምዝገባ እንዲራዘም ለቀረበው ጥያቄ ስምምነት ላይ ተደርሷል።
ቦርዱ ምርጫው የተሳካ እንዲሆን የ2002 ጠቅላላ ምርጫን ከሚመለከታቻው ባለድርሻ አካላት ጋር በመሆን ሰፊ ሳይንሳዊ ጥናት አካሂዶ የጥናቱን ወጤት ለሚመለከታቸው ባለድርሻ አካላት አሰራጭቷል።
ከጥናቱ በኋላ የቦርዱ የትኩረት አቅጣጫንና የአምስት አመቱን የእቅድና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ዕቅድ መሰረት በማድረግ ከፍተኛ እንቅስቃሴ አድርጓል ብለዋል።
በዚህም ቦርድ በሰው ሃይል አሰላለፍ፣አስፈላጊውን የምርጫ ቁሳቁስና ኮሮጆ ዝግጅት 90 በመቶ አጠናቋል።
በአሁኑ ወቅት በአገሪቱ በምርጫ ቦርድ ህጋዊ እውቅና አግኝተው የሚንቀሳቀሱ 75 የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች አሉ።
Gebreselassie, Samson Gebremedhin, Gase, Fikre Enquselassie, Deressa, Melaku Umeta, Journal of Health Population and Nutrition
Vitamin A is an essential micronutrient required for the normal functioning of the vision system,immunity, epithelial integrity, cellular differentiation, growth and development, and possiblyreproduction (1,2). The World Health Organization (WHO) defines vitamin A deficiency (VAD)as tissue concentrations of vitamin A (VA) low enough to have adverse health consequences, evenif there is no evidence of clinical deficiency (3).
VAD remains a serious public-health problem in the developing world (4). Preschool childrenand pregnant women suffer the most widespread and severe effects of VAD (2). According toWHO, VAD is of moderate to severe public-health importance in 122 countries (2). Globally, 190million preschool children and 19 million pregnant women have low serum retinol concentration(2). In countries at risk of VAD, 33.3% of preschool children and 15.3% of pregnant women aredeficient (2).
Several studies linked prenatal VAD with various adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes,including anaemia (5,6), preterm delivery (6-9), intra-uterine growth retardation (8,10), lowbirthweight (5,9,11), malformations (12), infection (13), pre-eclampsia/ eclampsia (11,13-15),vertical transmission of HIV (16), poor infant growth (5,11), neonatal and infant mortality (5,17),and maternal mortality (17,18). Nevertheless, the negative effects of prenantal VAD on birthoutcomes are still controversial.
Studies conducted over decades consistently indicated the public-health significance of VAD inEthiopia (19). However, the full extent of the problem in pregnant women is not clearly known asmost of the studies were carried on preschool children. Although WHO estimated 13.2%prevalence of VAD in pregnant women in Ethiopia (2), the available three studies (20-22)conducted in the southern and north-western part of the country reported higher prevalencefigures ranging from 17 to 27%.
The objectives of the current study are to assess the prevalence and potential risk factors ofprenatal VAD in Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia, where an earlier survey (21) reported seriouslyhigh (27%) prevalence of VAD. The current study explored wide range of potential risk factors,including maternal literacy level, income, age, gestational age, household wealth index, agro-ecological zone, zinc deficiency (ZD), parity, birth interval, history of breastfeeding, level of C-reactive protein (CRP), dietary diversity (DD), type of staple food, distance from the nearbyhealth facility, antenatal care (ANC), and history of nutrition education during pregnancy. Aprevious study (23) has already presented the prevalence and correlates of ZD among similargroup of study subjects.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This is a community-based, cross-sectional study, with descriptive and analytic designs.
The study was conducted in January 2011 in 18 kebeles of Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia. Akebele is the smallest administrative unit in Ethiopia, comprising approximately 1,000households. Sidama zone is one of the 15 zones of Southern Nations Nationalities and PeoplesRegional State (24). The zone has a population of 2,966,652 and population density of430/[km.sup.2] (24). In terms of agro-ecological zone, approximately 50%, 30%, and 20% of thepeople dwell in the midlands (1,750-2,300 m above sea-level (ASL)), highlands (>2,300 m ASL)and lowlands (<1750 m ASL) respectively (25). Livelihood of about 85% of the populationdepends on subsistent farming. Major crops grown in the area are enset (Enset ventricosum),coffee, and maize (25).
Single proportion sample-size calculation formula was used in determining adequate sample-sizefor estimating the prevalence of VAD. The sample-size of 666 pregnant women was computedbased at 95% confidence level, 5% margin of error, design effect of 2, 27% expected prevalence ofVAD (21), and 10% non-response rate. …
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(Redirected from Irgalem, SNNPR)
|Region||Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples'|
|Elevation||1,776 m (5,827 ft)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Postal service is provided by a main branch; electricity and telephone service are also available.
History EditIrgalem was occupied by the Italians 1 December 1936 during their campaign against the remaining Ethiopian Army of Sidamo under Ras Desta Damtew. The town was capital of Sidamo Province until after the 1975 takeover by the Derge regime, when it was moved to Awassa.
Around 1957 there was no telephone landline connecting Irgalem; telecommunications were provided by a radio station. The next year, the town was one of 27 places in Ethiopia ranked as First Class Township. Installation of the landline between Irgalem and Addis Ababa was completed in late 1960. By that time a branch of the Ethiopian Electric Light and Power Authority had started operation at Irgalem.
The Mekane Yesus Church held its Eighth General Assembly at Irgalem in 1973. The Assembly passed a resolution requesting land reform in Ethiopia - a reform which was in fact put into action a couple of years later, as a result of theEthiopian Revolution.
Demographics EditBased on figures from the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia published in 2005, Iragalem has an estimated total population of 43,815 of whom 21,840 are men and 21,975 women. The 1994 national census reported this town had a total population of 24,183 of whom 12,092 were men and 12,091 were women.
- National Geographic Society (1965). National Geographic Globe (Map). 1 : 31,363,200. Washington, D.C..
- "Detailed statistics on infrastructure", Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Region, Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 27 September 2009)
- Anthony Mockler, Haile Selassie's War (New York: Olive Branch, 2003), p. 172.
- "Local History in Ethiopia" The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 24 May 2012)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.4. Archived 23 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Irgalem&oldid=598924025"
Commercial bank of Ethiopia has inaugurated Daka and Tesso as the 9th and 10th branches in Hawassa in this week.
Worancha Information Network has learnt that Ato Yonas Yosef, Mayer of Hawassa, Ato Bekalu Zeleke, president of the CBE, Officials of the Hawassa city administration, CBE management members, the Bank’s customers and other invited guests have attended the inaugural ceremony.
Ato kidane Mengesha during his opening remarks noted the significant role the newly opened branches will play in making banking services accessible to the larger section of the society and mobilizing saving. Ato kidane has taken the especial moment to thank the regional state and the city administration for the valuable support stretched towards the Bank.